Паттерн Price Action Марубозу (Marubozu)

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Паттерн Price Action Марубозу (Marubozu)

Паттерн Price Action Марубозу состоит из одной свечи, может сигнализировать о предлении тренда : бычьего или медвежьего в зависимоcти от того, какая свеча будет — бычья или медвежья.

На что это похоже?

Marubozu — полная противоположность Doji . Его цена открытия и цена на момент закрытия находится на одинаково экстремумах.

Визуально, это — блок.

Что это означает?

Паттерн Прайс Экшн Marubozu, который закрывается с повышением, показывает силу быков. Если закрывается с понижением — силу медведей. Свеча может быть короткой и длинной. Чем длиннее свеча, тем больше сила тенденции направления.

24 Модель »Свічник Марубозу»

Как применять?

Marubozu более полезен как инструмент изучения, чем как паттерн для торговли. Вместе с сетапом Doji, они выдвигают на первый план екстремум спектра свечи . Помещая свечу в этот спектр, мы в состоянии судить направленную силу любого бара.

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Marubozu Candlestick Pattern | Tani Forex Price Action Tutorial

Marubozu Candlestick Pattern Tani Forex Price Action Tutorial in Hindi & Urdu languages. Marubozu Candlestick Pattern is one of the best pattern in Foreign exchange Business. In this tutorial information about Marubozu Candlestick Pattern . how to find this pattern and what is the meaning of Marubozu Candlestick Pattern also part of this tutorial. All information in this price action tutorial in Hindi and Urdu by Tani Forex.

Marubozu Candlestick Pattern very simple pattern. one thing more about marubozu you find many time in a day this pattern. In English marubozu meaning ” Be benevolent “. In Urdu and Hindi languages Marubozu 2 meaning first ” Ganja ” and Havi hona. How find marubozu candlestick pattern? you find all information on live chart in below video tutorial. all information in below price action and candlestick pattern in Hindi and Urdu. For more Forex trading secret strategies just click here and subscribe us on You Tube .

Marubozu Candlestick Pattern

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The marubozu is a Japanese candlestick pattern used as a technical indicator of extreme price action inside a specific time period. The marubozu shows visually that an asset has been bought or sold with momentum in one direction with a candle and closed at either its high price or low price of the trading period.

A marubozu consists only of the candle body, there are no upper or lower wicks or shadows outside the top or bottom of the candle.

A white or green marubozu candle has a long bullish body and is created when the open is the low and the close is the high for the full trading period of the candle. The white or green marubozu candlestick pattern shows that buyers were in control of the price of the asset from the opening trade to the closing trade. This is one of the most bullish individual candles in technical analysis and there is a high probability that the next candle on the chart will be bullish.

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A black or red marubozu candle has a long bearish body and is created when the open is the high and the close is the low for the full trading period of the candle. A black or red marubozu candlestick pattern shows that sellers were in control of the price of the asset from the opening trade to the closing trade. This is one of the most bearish individual candles in technical analysis and there is a high probability that the next candle on the chart will be bearish.

The marubozu candlestick has a higher probability of success when it happens in confluence with other key technical signals like moving averages, support, resistance, or overbought/oversold readings.

How To Trade Marubozu Candlestick Patterns

A Marubozu candlestick is characterized by high open or close price and confirms strong bullish or bearish action. Today we will take a detailed look at marubozu candles.

Contents

Introduction

Candlestick patterns indicate market momentum signaling who is in control and the direction prices are moving.

While some patterns signal sideways movement, others signal domination in each direction.

A Marubozu candlestick is one such pattern that signals strong momentum in an underlying.

What is a Marubozu Candlestick?

A Marubozu candlestick is characterized by high open or close price.

Нил Фуллер. Price Action.

Unlike other candlesticks, it does not have wicks or shadows, on either side.

This indicates that the highest and or lowest point in trading was reached at the end of the candle.

In the case of a full Marubozu, both the bull and bearish candlesticks do not have wicks, as shown above.

With the full Marubozu, an asset price rallies or drops and closes at its extreme without registering any wicks to signal high and low points before the candle closed.

A Marubozu open occurs if the opening bull or bear candlestick is flat without wicks.

The close can come with wicks. In contrast a Marubozu close occurs if the closing of bear and bullish candlesticks are flat, but the opening levels have wicks.

Characteristics

  • Large body
  • Lack of shadows on either side of the candlestick body
  • The color of the candlestick will signal the direction price is likely to move.

The absence of wicks in the candlesticks indicate that price opened either high or low in a session and closed at a much higher or lower price, respectively, without any pullbacks.

In this case, the pattern can provide accurate analytical insight into the future direction of price action depending on the underlying trend.

What Do These Patterns Tell?

A Marubozu pattern is a candlestick pattern that affirms price is trending in one direction without any resistance.

For instance, in the Marubozu open, price opens without dipping and powers to new highs. It continues rallying until the end of the set period.

In this case, price only trends in one direction, affirming strong momentum in that direction.

ПАТТЕРНЫ price action — DBLHC, DBHLC, TBH, TBL

The strong trend applies to both the open and close Marubozu.

Despite the small wicks at close or the open, the price still moved in one direction steadily and closed at a high or low point without any rejection of price.

Bearish vs. Bullish Marubozu Pattern

The bearish Marubozu configuration affirms sellers are in control.

In this case, the selling pressure is so high such that the price moves lower without any rejection to the upside.

The pattern can be interpreted as a lack of bulls in the market such that sellers are allowed to push prices lower as they wish.

Similarly, the Bullish Marubozu pattern signals that buyers are in control and dominate a given session.

In this case, they can push prices higher without any opposition from sellers.

Trading the Marubozu Pattern

Spotting the Marubozu pattern is a sure way of determining the direction in which price is moving and likely to move in the long run.

Consider the chart below of the USD/CAD pair. Price was initially moving lower as sellers remained in control.

However, at the lows of the session, the price consolidates, struggling for direction.

The emergence of a bullish Marubozu candlestick affirms that buyers have overpowered sellers and are likely to push prices higher.

Once the candlestick closed price moved higher as the upward momentum strengthened.

Consider the chart below.

While price had reversed from all-time highs with two bearish candlesticks, a Bearish Marubozu candlestick is formed that confirms bears are in full control.

Once the candlestick closed price continued lower.

Marubozu Pattern Drawbacks

The lack of wicks makes it extremely difficult to trade this pattern in the context of setting up stop loss and take profit.

The lack of clear lows or highs makes it extremely difficult to place the stop and profit take order, as is the case with other candlesticks that have wicks.

For instance, a hammer candlestick comes with a clean low that can be used to determine a stop loss.

With the Marubozu pattern, that is not the case, and one must use other indicators to place the orders.

While you can enter a long position once a bullish Marubozu opens or a shot position once a bearish Marubozu opens, you will have to use other tools or indicators to ascertain the ideal points for profit taking and stop-losses.

To void the downfalls of the candlestick pattern, a stop-loss order should be placed either below the bottom or at the high of the candlestick.

It is also important to avoid relying on extremely small Marubozu candlesticks on shorter time frames such as minute charts to make decisions.

A small Marubozu candlestick, in most cases, will indicate a false signal.

Bottom Line

Marubozu is a powerful candlestick pattern that provides hints about potential future prices.

The pattern signals strength in momentum in each direction as price opens and moves up or down without pulling back to close at the highest or lowest point.

While reversal candlestick patterns are good in providing signals or warnings about what is about to happen, Marubozu patterns only confirm price action may continue to move in each direction.

It does not promise it.

The candlestick can be seen in all chart time frames.

However, it is most powerful when spotted when using a longer time frame.

Disclaimer: The information above is for educational purposes only and should not be treated as investment advice. The strategy presented would not be suitable for investors who are not familiar with exchange traded options. Any readers interested in this strategy should do their own research and seek advice from a licensed financial adviser.

Marubozu Candlestick Patterns and What They Mean

With a bearish marubozu, it means the price closed at the period low. With a bullish candle the price closes at the period high.

How to Identify a Marubozu Candlestick

Because a marubozu is just a single candlestick it is fairly easy to identify. It does come in a few different shades which we’ll look at separately below.

A full marubozu is just a long candlestick with no upper or lower shadow. It consists of a bar with a flat top and bottom line.

It can be either bearish or bullish. For a bullish signal the open and the low are at the same price and the close and the high are at the same price. For a bearish signal it’s the other way around. The open price and the high are the same and the close price and the low are the same.

The two variations of the pattern are the opening marubozu and the closing marubozu. Again these can be either bullish or bearish.

In a bullish open, the open price matches the low. In a bearish open, the open price and high are the same. With a bullish close, the high matches the close. And with a bearish close, the low matches the close. See Figure 1.

The easiest way to remember these is that the marubozu line is always flat. It’s either flat at the open or flat at the close. And for a full marubozu both the open and close lines are flat.

Why is the Marubozu Significant?

Chart traders are always looking for things that may give some clues to the market’s sentiment at a precise time. A marubozu candlestick gives specific insight into the buying and selling activity during the period it covers.

Candlestick patterns such as the marubozu were originally used by stock traders. When a stock price closes at or very near the day’s high, this means that the market was bullish and remained that way until the close.

This means that buying interest was strong enough that there wasn’t any price pullback or retracement during that time.

A bearish marubozu means that selling interest was strong and that the market closed at or very near the day’s low. The market didn’t retrace back up to recover the falls.

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Opening marubozu

When we come across an opening marubozu, this only gives us partial information. With a bullish opening for example, it means that the price never fell below the opening price. But at the close there was some retracement.

This can mean that the bullish sentiment started to decline and by the time of the close, the market was losing some upwards drive. This results in a retracement and it’s this retracement that produces an upper shadow line on the candlestick.

With a bearish opening marubozu it is merely the opposite picture. These patterns are similar in appearance to belt holds.

Closing marubozu

In practice a closing is of more interest than an opening because it tells us about the price activity at a later point; the time of the close.

The close or open here means the close and open time of the chart bar. This doesn’t necessarily correspond with the opening or closing of the market itself.

Like an opening, a closing marubozu can either be bullish or bearish. With the bullish closing, the price closes at the period high. With a daily chart this means that the price closed at the high for the day.

For a bearish closing, it means the price closed at the lowest level. Meaning there was no upwards retracement of the price from the low line.

How Reliable is the Marubozu?

The marubozu certainly can be a useful trading signal owing to its simplicity and its easy interpretation. Like any chart tool, it is imperfect. The predictive ability is not fixed but varies significantly across charts and at different times. So what works at one time may not work the next.

That means when trading the pattern we have to look at a range of different elements. This includes the directional breakout probabilities for the pattern on the chart in question, as well as the existence of other signals like trends, supports and resistance areas.

Price Action Trading

Definitive Guide

Price action trading with candlesticks gives a straightforward explanation of the subject by example. It includes data insights showing the performance of each candlestick strategy by market, and timeframe.

10 Price Action Candlestick Patterns You Must Know

Are you using candlestick charts as your default chart type for price action analysis?

Most likely, the answer is yes. In that case, why not make the most out of it by mastering candlestick patterns?

According to Thomas Bulkowski’s Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts, there are 103 candlestick patterns (including both bullish and bearish versions). While the encyclopedia is great for reference, there is no need to memorise the 929-page compendium.

Simply learn these 10 candlestick patterns for an illuminating foundation.

Basic Sentiment Candlesticks

Reversal Candlestick Patterns

1. Doji

What does it look like?

It looks like a cross, with the same opening and closing prices.

What does it mean?

Simple. In a Doji candlestick, price is essentially unchanged. Hence, it represents market indecision. It’s like an area of congestion compressed into one candlestick.

How do we trade it?

  1. Trade it like a reversal signal (if there is a trend to reverse)
  2. Treat it as a signal to stand aside (if there is no trend to reverse)

2. Marubozu

What does it look like?

A Marubozu is the polar opposite of a Doji. Its opening price and closing price are at the extreme ends of the candlestick.

Visually, it is a block.

What does it mean?

A Marubozu that closes higher signifies powerful bullish strength while one that closes lower shows extreme bearishness.

How do we trade it?

The Marubozu is more useful as a learning tool than as a pattern for trading. Together with the Doji candlestick, they highlight the extremes of the candlestick spectrum.

If you must trade the Marubozu pattern, consider the following.

  1. Continuation pattern in a strong break-out aligned with the market bias
  2. Part of another candlestick pattern (discussed below)

3. Harami Candlestick

What does it look like?

Just remember that Harami means pregnant in old Japanese. The first candlestick is the mother, and the second candlestick is the baby.

Focus on their bodies. The body of the baby bar must be entirely within the body of the mother bar.

Typically, in a bullish Harami, the first bar closes lower than it opens while the second bar closes higher. Similarly, in a bearish Harami, the first bar closes higher than it opens while the second bar closes lower.

What does it mean?

It means that the market has come to a muted reversal.

The candle body stands for the real price change of the candle regardless of its intra-candle excursions. Hence, it represents the real and conclusive movement of the candlestick. The smaller candle bodies point to decreased volatility. Thus, it is not surprising that many Harami candlestick patterns are also inside bars.

Compared with the Engulfing candlestick pattern below, it is a weaker reversal pattern.

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How do we trade it?

  1. In a bull trend, use the bullish Harami to pinpoint the end of bearish retracement.
  2. In a bear trend, use the bearish Harami to pinpoint the end of bullish retracement.

4. Engulfing Candlestick

What does it look like?

Simply flip a Harami pattern horizontally and you will get an Engulfing pattern.

The body of the second candle completely engulfs the body of the first.

What does it mean?

Again, the focus on the candle bodies looks for a real reversal. In this case, the second candle body fully engulfs the first and represents a strong reversal signal.

How do we trade it?

  1. In a bull trend, buy above the bullish Engulfing pattern for bullish continuation.
  2. In a bear trend, sell below the bearish Engulfing pattern for bearish continuation.

5. Piercing Line / Dark Cloud Cover

What does it look like?

The Piercing Line and the Dark Cloud Cover refer to the bullish and bearish variants of the same two-bar pattern.

The first candlestick of the Piercing Line pattern is bearish. The second candlestick:

  • Opens below the low of the first candlestick; and
  • Closes above the mid-point of the first candlestick.

As for the Dark Cloud Cover pattern, the first candlestick is bullish. The second candlestick:

  • Opens above the high of the first candlestick; and
  • Closes below the mid-point of the first candlestick.

Due to the first criterion of both patterns, the second bar must open with a gap away from the close of the first bar. Hence, these candlestick patterns are unusual in intraday time-frames where gaps are uncommon.

What does it mean?

It means some traders are sorely disappointed.

In the Piercing Line pattern, the second bar opened with a gap down, giving an initial hope of a strong bearish follow-through. However, not only did the bearishness fail to materialise, it proceeded to erase more than half of the bearish gains from the first bar. This bullish shock offers a great long trade.

Likewise in the Dark Cloud Cover pattern, the first gap up prompted hope from the bulls before the lower close crushed it.

How do we trade it?

  1. Find major bullish reversals with the Piercing Line pattern (preferably after a break of a bear trend line)
  2. Find major bearish reversals with Dark Cloud Cover pattern (preferably after a break of a bull trend line)

6. Hammer / Hanging Man Candlesticks

What does it look like?

Let’s get this straight. Both the Hammer and the Hanging Man patterns look exactly the same.

  • Candle body near the top of the candlestick; and
  • A long lower shadow (around twice of the candle body).

(Color of the candle body does not matter.)

The difference is this. The Hammer pattern is found after a market decline and is a bullish signal. However, the Hanging Man appears (as an ill-omen) at the end of a bull run and is a bearish signal.

What does it mean?

The Hammer pattern traps traders who sold in the lower region of the candlestick, forcing them to cover their shorts. As a result, they produce buying pressure for this bullish pattern. Its bar pattern equivalent is the bullish Pin Bar.

The Hanging Man pattern is a seemingly bullish candlestick at the top of an upwards trend. Infected by its optimism, traders buy into the market confidently. Hence, when the market falls later, it jerks these buyers out of their long positions. This also explains why it is better to wait for bearish confirmation before going short based on the Hanging Man pattern.

How do we trade it?

  1. In a downtrend, buy above the Hammer pattern for a reversal play. (You can also trade the Hammer pattern like a bullish Pin Bar.)
  2. In a uptrend, sell below the Hanging Man pattern for a reversal play after bearish confirmation.

7. Inverted Hammer / Shooting Star Candlesticks

What does it look like?

Simply invert the Hammer pattern.

The Inverted Hammer is visually identical to the Shooting Star pattern.

Виды паттернов. Price Action [Артём Звёздин]

The difference is in where you find them. An Inverted Hammer is found at the end of a downtrend while a Shooting Star is found at the end of a uptrend.

What does it mean?

The Inverted Hammer is a bullish pattern. In a down trend, the Inverted Hammer pattern emboldens the sellers. Hence, when the Inverted Hammer fails to push the market down, the bullish reaction is violent.

The bearish Shooting Star pattern implies a different logic. The Shooting Star traps buyers who bought in its higher range, forcing them to sell off their long positions and hence creating selling pressure. Its bar pattern equivalent is the bearish Pin Bar.

How do we trade it?

  1. In a downtrend, buy above the Inverted Hammer pattern for a reversal play after bullish confirmation.
  2. In a uptrend, sell below the Shooting Star pattern for a reversal play. (You can also trade it like a bearish Pin Bar.)

8. Morning Star / Evening Star

What does it look like?

Both star patterns are three-bar patterns.

In candle-speak, a star refers to a candlestick with a small body that does not overlap with the preceding candle body. Since the candle bodies do not overlap, forming a star will always involve a gap. Thus, it is uncommon to find Morning Stars and Evening Stars in intraday charts.

A Morning Star comprises (in sequence):

  1. A long bearish candlestick
  2. A star below it (either bullish or bearish)
  3. A bullish candlestick that closes within the body of the first candlestick

An Evening Star comprises (in sequence):

  1. A long bullish candlestick
  2. A star above it (either bullish or bearish)
  3. A bearish candlestick that closes within the body of the first candlestick

This pattern is similar to the three-bar reversal.

What does it mean?

The first candlestick in the Morning Star pattern shows the bears in control. The star hints at a transition to a bullish market. Finally, the strength of the last candlestick confirms the bullishness.

The Evening Star expresses the same logic. The first candlestick shows the bulls in control. Uncertainty sets in with the star candle. The last candlestick confirms the bearishness.

How do we trade it?

We apply both patterns to catch reversals as well as continuations.

  1. Buy above the last bar of the Morning Star formation
  2. Sell below the last bar of the Evening Star formation

9. Three White Soldiers / Three Black Crows

What does it look like?

Each of the three candlesticks in the Three White Soldiers should open within the previous candle body and close near its high.

Each of the three candlesticks in the Three Black Crows should open within the previous candle body and close near its low.

What does it mean?

In the Three White Soldiers pattern, each bar opens within the body of the previous candlestick and suggests a potential fall. However, each bar ends up with a strong and high close. After three instances, the bullishness is undeniable.

In the Three Black Crows pattern, each bar opens within the body of the previous candlestick, suggesting bullishness. However, as each bar closes lower, the bearishness is clear.

How do we trade it?

These patterns are effective for trading reversals.

  1. Buy above the Three White Soldiers after a substantial market decline
  2. Sell below the Three Black Crows after a substantial market rise

10. Hikkake

(Despite having a Japanese name, the Hikkake is not one of the classic candlestick patterns. However, it is an interesting pattern that illustrates the concept of trapped traders.)

What does it look like?

To find a Hikkake pattern, first look for an inside bar.

For a bullish Hikkake, the candlestick after the inside bar must have a lower low and a lower high to signify a bearish break-out of the inside bar. When this bearish break-out fails, we get a long Hikkake setup.

For a bearish Hikkake, the next candlestick must have a higher high and higher low. When this bullish break-out of the inside bar fails, the market forms a short Hikkake setup.

If you need help looking for the Hikkake pattern, check out our Price Action Pattern Indicator.

What does it mean?

The Hikkake pattern pinpoints the failure of inside bar traders.

Trading the break-out of inside bars is a popular strategy. When the break-out fails, we expect the price to blaze in the other direction.

How do we trade it?

  1. Buy if a downside break-out of an inside bar fails within three bars
  2. Sell if an upside break-out of an inside bar fails within three bars

What’s Next?

Learn More Candlestick Patterns

Of course, you should not limit yourself to the 10 candlestick patterns above.

However, you should familiarise yourself with one pattern before moving to the next. Trying to look out for dozens of patterns without knowing what they are trying to tell you lands you in a confusing mess.

Start with Steve Nison’s Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques, which is the closest you can get to the source of candlestick patterns without picking up a Far Eastern language with three scripts.

Compare with Bar Patterns

Despite differences in nomenclature, bar patterns and candlestick patterns are not mutually exclusive. In fact, integrating both will greatly improve your price action analysis.

In particular, you would find that candlestick patterns brought along with it a deep focus on analysing the candle body. The comparison of the candle body (the range between the open and close), which is largely ignored by bar patterns, adds great value to price action analysis.

The pairings below will get you started on studying the similarities and differences between bar patterns and candlestick patterns.

  • Harami – Inside Bar
  • Engulfing – Outside Bar
  • Hammer/Shooting Star – Pin Bar
  • Piercing Line/Dark Cloud Cover – Two-Bar Reversal
  • Morning Star/Evening Star – Three-Bar Reversal
  • Three White Soldiers/Three Black Crows – Three-Bar Pullback

Study Candlestick Trading Strategies

Note that we based the trading methods above on our own experience. They might not correspond strictly to Steve Nison’s book.

While you can refer to books and other online resources on candlestick patterns for a start, the best conclusion is always based your own observation and testing. You need to keep good trading records for this purpose.

Get started with candlestick trading with the strategies below.

Are you spending too much time learning patterns? And too little time on learning how to trade? Learn to take profitable trades with my price action trading course.

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Volume-Weighted Moving Average (VWMA) – A Simple Volume Tool

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Comments

For what time frames does the patterns work best?

In very fast timeframes (sub 1 min), you will not find useful candlestick patterns. Also, for intraday trading timeframes (minutes to hours), the candlestick patterns that require a star (i.e. a gap between candles) are rare. Daily gaps are more common.

Most studies on candlestick efficacy are done with daily data, but even those studies are inconclusive on their profitability when used in isolation. Moreover, every market-timeframe combination is different. It’s best to observe candlestick patterns in your selected market and timeframe carefully before trading them.

I think price action strategy work best for frame time 1 day or 4 hours. When we use small frame time level of accurating is low.

Time frame 1 hour

“THREE WHITE SOLDIERS”:
Bars should open within body of the previous candle, question: if next bar opens at the same price level as the previous bar close is it considered “within body of the previous candle” ?

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I will not consider that scenario as “within the body of the previous candle”. The gapping down but closing up of each bar in the pattern is the key sign of bullishness for this pattern. When the next bar opens at the same price level, the gap is missing and the implied bullishness is weaker. But of course, don’t sweat over the pattern details if you have a strong case for a reversal based on other analytical tools.

Hello,
Do youhave any EA for that?

Dear Galen Woods, or how ever shared this book in his website,
I am writting this letter from Kabul, Afghanistan,
After along and alone research, i found many webinars and books, but just i want to say is this, Thank you very much Dear Galen wood! i love your book, every bar patterns written in this book ‘s sgnifies the realty as i use…
with best regards
Makhdom
Kabul, Afghansitan

Glad to help! Don’t forget to look through Steve Nison’s book I’ve mentioned in the article. It’s a great reference for many of these patterns here.

sir which time frame is good for trading like derivatives 15 mint daily chart or 5 mint daily chat or hourly chart for last 3 months

Hi Krishna, there’s no straightforward answer to selecting your timeframe. I recommend that you take a look at this article which discusses the factors to consider for trading timeframe.

Hi Galen. Tnk u for your amazing posts. Can you explain what features confirmation after hanging shoud have? Cause it doesnt break hanging man in your examples.

Hi Mahsa, thank you for your support. We are using a simple bar confirmation here. The confirmation is a bearish bar after a bearish pattern. This method of confirmation is straightforward, but not the only way to confirm a pattern. As you mentioned, you can also use the break of the low of the pattern as confirmation.

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